06 Feb Agriculture in South Africa : Major Crops and Cereals with Production, Trade, Consumption Analysis, Trends and Forecasts (2017 – 2022)
The South African agriculture sector contributes to only 10% of formal employment. Drought is a severe problem in the country and due to aridity, around 13.5% of the land can be used for crop production, among which only 3% is considered as high potential land. Over the last few decades, food consumption pattern in South Africa has shifted towards a western-oriented diet and is expected to record robust growth during the forecast period.
South Africa is one of the world’s largest producers of chicory root, grapes, maize, castor oil seed, pear, fiber crops, and sisal. Maize contributes to 36% of gross value of the South African field crops.
The major markets for South African agricultural product exports are – United Kingdom, Netherlands, Zimbabwe, Japan, and the United States. Edible fruits and nuts dominate the South African export market, accounting to around 32%.
South Africa supplements local agricultural production with imports, important among these being consumer-oriented products, forestry products, and intermediate products. Among cereals, two major crops are rice and wheat. Rice is generally imported from Asia-Pacific, whereas, Germany, United States, Canada, Brazil, Australia, and Argentina are the key suppliers of wheat.